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The work capability assessment

Employment and support allowance

The ‘work capability assessment’ (WCA) is central to employment and support allowance (ESA). It has two parts. The first part, the limited capability for work assessment, finds out whether or not you can remain on ESA.

The second part, the limited capability for work-related activity assessment, finds out which of two groups you will be put in: the support group or the work-related activity group. The group you are put in will decide the level of ESA you get, the responsibilities you must meet to keep getting the benefit in full and whether or not your ESA award may be time-limited.

Universal credit

The work capability assessment is also important for the new benefit, universal credit. It finds out what work-related responsibilities (or ‘requirements’) you must meet to keep getting the benefit in full. If you are found to have a ‘limited capability for work’ in the assessment, your work-related responsibilities will be limited. If you are found to have a ‘limited capability for work-related activity’ in the assessment, none of the work-related requirements will apply to you, and you will also be entitled to the work capability amount

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For further information on welfare rights, education issues and social care you will find our factsheets/guides here or for more detailed information you can order a copy of the Disability Rights Handbook from our shop