The Motability Scheme
Disability Rights UK Factsheet F17
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Motability was established to provide disabled people with safe, reliable and affordable cars. You can use this scheme to lease a car or powered wheelchair or scooter if you have been awarded any of:
- disability living allowance (DLA) high rate mobility component
- personal independence payment (PIP) enhanced mobility component
- armed forces independence payment
- war pensioners’ mobility supplement
In the case of PIP and DLA the award must usually be for long enough to complete the full length of the chosen agreement (see 'Length of PIP and DLA awards’ below).
You can apply for a car as a passenger if you are eligible but don’t drive. A parent or carer can apply on behalf of a child who is receiving an award. Proposed drivers must not have any serious driving convictions, disqualifications, or endorsements within the last five years. There are also some restrictions on drivers under 25 and those with provisional licences.
Motability also provides grants for driving lessons.
Motability offers a choice of:
- A new car on a three-year lease - www.motability.co.uk/cars-scooters-and-powerchairs/cars-overview/
- A new wheelchair accessible vehicle (WAV) on a five year lease - see www.motability.co.uk/cars-scooters-and-powerchairs/wheelchair-accessible-vehicles-overview/getting-a-new-wav
- A nearly new (less than two and a half years old) wheelchair accessible vehicle (WAV) on a three year lease - see www.motability.co.uk/cars-scooters-and-powerchairs/wheelchair-accessible-vehicles-overview/nearly-new-wavs
- A new powered wheelchair, or scooter on a three year lease - see www.motability.co.uk/cars-scooters-and-powerchairs/scooters-and-powered-wheelchairs-overview/
- A custom-built powered wheelchair on a five year lease - see www.motability.co.uk/contact-and-support/faqs/when-will-my-scooter-or-powered-wheelchair-lease-agreement-end
Once you have chosen which scheme you wish to join, you must then agree to pay over all, or part, of your allowance to it.
There are some cars available that cost less than your weekly allowance, meaning you will still receive the remainder of your allowance to spend however you choose.
Motability will require a Statement of Responsibilities to be signed at the beginning of each lease by you, the named drivers and the supplying motor dealer.
Named care drivers
You do not have to be the driver of the car. You can instead apply for a car as a passenger and nominate two other people as your drivers. You can also apply to the scheme if you have a child aged three or older, who is entitled to DLA high rate mobility component. See www.motability.co.uk/information-for-customers/cars-and-wheelchair-accessible-vehicles-customer-area/your-agreement-named-car-drivers
Your named driver must live within 5 miles of you. Motability also will not accept nominated drivers under the age of 21 unless they live with you.
Young drivers under the age of 25 are restricted to cars in ABI Insurance Group 16 or lower which also have a power output of 115 BHP or less.
Some larger or high specification cars require an additional upfront payment or ' Advance Payment '. The Advance Payment is not a deposit and is therefore non-refundable. It covers the difference between the cost of your car and your allowance paid over the length of the agreement. However there is a range of around 450 cars available with no Advance Payment. See www.motability.co.uk/cars-scooters-and-powerchairs/important-things-cars-and-wavs/payment-and-cost-cars
Motability will usually not offer cars with an Advance Payment above £2,000 or less. However, you will still be able to get help above this level if your disability-related needs require it.
Motability may be able to pay for up to 40 hours of driving lessons. For more information see www.motability.co.uk/information-for-customers/cars-and-wheelchair-accessible-vehicles-customer-area/young-drivers
Adaptations to cars
There is a range of car adaptations available including steering wheel knobs, hand controls for brakes and accelerators and wheelchair hoists. It is important to choose a car suitable for the adaptations you require so check with a Motability accredited specialist before ordering your car.
Motability also runs a Specialised Vehicles Fund which helps the most severely disabled people to lease a suitable vehicle. These leases are typically for five years for wheelchair accessible vehicles or heavily adapted cars.
The cost of adaptations, plus fitting and removal, may not be included in your lease. You will have to pay for these yourself.
You may have to pay more if you need a larger car due to your circumstances or your disability needs . If so, you will be asked to make an additional up-front payment known as an Advance Payment to cover the additional costs over a more basic model.
If you cannot afford the car or the adaptations, Motability may be able to provide help towards the cost of the least expensive solution that would meet your mobility needs. For more information see www.motability.co.uk/about-the-scheme/charitable-grants/
A Motability accredited specialist must carry out adaptations fitted to a Motability car. Your Motability supplier and their insurers need to be informed before you go ahead with the fittings.
You will have to pay for the fuel you use, so it is worth calculating likely fuel costs before making a decision on which car to have. Car manufacturers publish details to guide you. The higher the miles per gallon figure, the further you can drive on the same amount of fuel.
Excess mileage cost
If you opt for a three-year contract hire lease, you are entitled to drive 60,000 miles over the three-year period of your agreement – 20,000 each year. When the car is returned, you will have to pay 5p per mile for any extra mileage used. See www.motability.co.uk/contact-and-support/faqs/how-many-miles-am-i-allowed-to-do
Road tax (Vehicle Excise Duty) and insurance
Under the scheme your road tax will be paid each year. As part of your contract hire lease you should also receive insurance cover and free replacement tyres and windscreens when needed.
Length of PIP and DLA awards
To hire a new car, your award should usually run for at least 3 years. However Motability can allow access to those in receipt of awards with 12 months or more remaining. If your award is not renewed to cover the full length of the chosen scheme, the car will need to be returned to Motability. This gives customers around three months between the cancellation of the allowance and the return-by date, during which the lease can be paid privately, so that there is time available to arrange an alternative car.
Requesting an extension of your PIP or DLA award
The Department for Work and Pensions is responsible for awarding DLA and PIP. If you are unable to access the Motability Scheme because your award is not long enough but your mobility problems are unlikely to change or may actually get worse, you can ask for your award to be extended.
Great care needs to be taken when considering this option because it is always possible that an award may be reduced or lost altogether. If you receive any care component of DLA or daily living component of PIP, a decision-maker could also decide to question your entitlement to those as well. If you decide to ask for your award to be extended seek specialist advice from an advice agency or law centre first (see Factsheet F15 - Getting advice).
Transitional support if you fail PIP
If you are not awarded the personal independence payment (PIP) enhanced mobility component, you will no longer be eligible to lease a vehicle and Motability will contact you.
Motability will allow you around six weeks from the DWP’s decision to return your car. You may be eligible for a transitional support package. Motability will tell you about this.
For more information see www.motability.co.uk/about-the-scheme/unsuccessful-reassessment/
Where can I get more help or information?
This factsheet is a basic overview of the Motability Scheme. You can find out more about the scheme by contacting Motability (http://www.motability.co.uk/):
Telephone: 0300 456 4566 (Textphone 0300 037 0100)
You can view all Motability contact information at http://www.motability.co.uk/about-us/contact-us/
You can find out more information on Motability and other help available in our Disability Rights Handbook. This and all our other publications are available from our shop at https://crm.disabilityrightsuk.org/. You can also place orders by contacting Disability Rights UK.
You can get help and information at your local advice centre, such as a Citizens Advice Bureau. You can get more information about where to get personal advice from our Factsheet F15 - Getting advice. All our factsheets are free to download on our website at disabilityrightsuk.org.
We have also produced a guide called Doing Transport Differently to let people with any kind of disability – learning difficulties, mental health conditions, visual impairments, hearing impairments, wheelchair users, mobility impairments and more – know what kind of access is out there, how to plan your journeys, and what to do if things go wrong. The guide is written by and for disabled people and is full of travellers’ tales – real experiences of using trains, buses, coaches, undergrounds, light railways, ferries and more.
7 September 2016