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What if you are already getting incapacity benefit or income support?

Employment and support allowance

Employment and support allowance (ESA) replaced both incapacity benefit and income support paid on the grounds of incapacity for new claims from 27 October 2008.

If you are still getting incapacity benefit or income support paid on the grounds of incapacity, you may continue to get those benefits, rather than ESA, for the time being. However, at some point in the future, you will be reassessed under the work capability assessment. If you are found to have a limited capability for work in this assessment, you will be moved (or migrated) onto ESA. If you are not found to have a limited capability for work, you will need to consider claiming jobseeker’s allowance (JSA) instead or challenging the decision. For more information on JSA, see our Factsheet F46 – jobseeker’s allowance.

If you are moved onto contributory ESA and are placed in the work-related activity group, you will have your benefit time-limited to just 12 months from the point of conversion.

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